Hunting classics: S. T. Aksakov, "NOTES OF A GUN HUNTER OF ORENBURG PROVINCE".
(Here you will find a description of the forest, swamp, steppe, waterfowl of Russia and its graphic images. However, it should be noted that, according to later naturalists and strict systematizers, in this work there are inaccuracies (for example, it concerns the story of the species of thrush).
THE RAVEN IS GRAY. The main and everyone's favorite cool.
THE CROW IS BLACK.
Looks like a raven! Therefore, we will be careful and careful.
It is all black with a metallic blue and purple sheen.
The black crow differs from the rook by the BLACK beak and its greater massiveness, from the raven - in size: they are similar to the size of the gray crow, and also in silhouette in flight - the raven has straighter wings.
Note: the rook is "floating", so to speak. He is not as smart as crows and not as harmful. However, this is where how. Rooks, for example, greatly harm trees, breaking off their branches during the construction of nests, and it is almost impossible for them to survive from their habitat. In Germany, the rook is eaten.
MAGPIE. The bird is considered cool - it is quite smart and careful. In addition, a pest, a predator, ruins the nests. But there are also nuances - according to observations, abandoned magpie nests are often occupied by other birds.
Dove-sisach. You can say - "city pigeon". The photo shows a typical representative in color.
Pebble. The bird is much smaller than a crow - about the size of a young pigeon. Its common nature is very relative: it is not of great value to the crohunter, since it is not very careful and completely harmless.
Common for rooks, magpies, jackdaws and crows.
(I will add a clarification: under the picture there is an inscription - "A crow steals an egg from a songbird", but the picture, apparently by mistake, depicts a fieldbird).
OTHER "FACTS" and "FACTS" RELATIVE.
Fieldbird (common thrush, missel).
This bird breeds in large numbers, encroaches on gardens and orchards, devouring cherries, irga, mountain ash, chokeberry, even raspberries and currants, strawberries and wild strawberries like locusts. In addition, the missel thrush is not only edible, but very tasty. According to the classic hunting S. T. Aksakov, this is one of the few birds, which, along with the snipe, had the honor of cooking gutted.
The BLACK thrush is another species of thrush.
Note: Formally, this is also "cool" - since the diet and culinary merits of the blackbird are similar to the 1st species. But this is a songbird and, for example, in the Moscow region is very small in number.
In some regions, there are no less of them than hooded crows. They enclose gardens - harm and diet in this sense are purely blackbirds. But in addition, jays, for example, often carry chickens. At the same time, these birds are fearless to the point of stupidity, they are almost not afraid of the hunter. Positive factors - the jay promotes the reproduction of trees, arranging pantries of acorns and nuts. It is edible, the meat is harsh, inferior in culinary qualities to the blackbird, but on the Web you can find competent cooking recipes.
It is a songbird. However, the harm from her for a person is often no less than from a thrush: according to the testimony of many, it encroaches on gardens. Apparently, with the starling you need to act "according to the circumstances."
Encircling gardens. In the sense of hunting him - apparently, it is permissible, if it seriously worries.
Hellish BOTTOM. This bird is listed in the Red Book. Therefore, we will be especially careful with her. Do not confuse raven with black gray (see above). The only thing in common is, so to speak, a silhouette. The raven is much larger than both her and the BLACK raven (see photo above) and is all black, up to the beak: this also differs from the ROOK (cm). Also, the raven has a characteristic voice, not like the sharp and hoarse croaking of ravens: it is quieter, the intonation is much softer, reminiscent of the sounds "Crrru, crrru" or "Crro, crrro".
White bird with black wingtips, long neck, long thin red beak and long reddish legs. When the wings of the stork are folded, it seems that the entire back of the stork's body is black. By color, females are indistinguishable from males, but somewhat smaller. The growth of the white stork is 100-125 cm, the wingspan is 155-200 cm. The weight of an adult bird reaches 4 kg. The average life span of a white stork is 20 years.
The usefulness of the bird is expressed in the fact that its diet includes such pests as: locusts, bears, May beetles, some small vertebrates (including mice and rats).
Attention: the bird is listed in the Red Book!
These are large, long-legged and long-necked birds, their height is 90-155 cm, wingspan is 150-240 cm, and their weight is 2-11 kg.
Unlike herons similar to them, in flight they stretch their legs and neck. This makes them look like storks, but unlike them, cranes never sit on trees. The head is small, with a sharp, straight beak. The tertiary flight feathers of the wings are slightly elongated, so that the tail appears long and fluffy when the bird is on the ground. The plumage is most often gray or white.
Cranes live long enough. Observations show that cranes live in the wild for at least 20 years, and in captivity conditions, their age reaches 80 years.
They live in shallow water, in swampy or slowly flowing bodies of water. Large birds 90-100 cm long, with a wingspan of 175-195 cm, adults weighing up to 2 kg. As a rule, long-legged, with a long and narrow, laterally flattened beak. They stand motionless in the water and peer into the water, looking for prey. A close relative of the heron is the Stork.
Woodpeckers. All - LOW FREQUENCIES: useful birds, healers of the forest. Many in the RED BOOK!
Great spotted woodpecker.
Small motley woodpecker.
The woodpecker is gray.
Woodpecker black (or yellow).
SWALLOWS AND SWIGS.
L A S T O CH K I.
"A swift is a sickle reaping a harvest in a blue field of the sky. Long sharp wings give it a sickle shape, which when folded extend far beyond a relatively short, fork-shaped tail. This shape and dense build of the swift is easily distinguished from the swallow with which it is usually confused In fact, swifts and swallows are similar not because they are close relatives, but because due to a similar lifestyle, independently of each other, they acquired a similar external structure. " ((C), E.J. Shukurov)
White-belted swift (or white-belted).
GENERAL: swallows and swifts.
CUCKOO. With her it is not so easy in the sense of "low frequency". For example, S. T. Aksakov mentions that the cuckoo is edible and thus represents a trophy, though not very desirable. But. Do we need it?
ATTENTION: these are the very birds that an ordinary crawler, according to him, protects from garbage predators like the gray crow.
The tit is large.
Brown-headed gadget (or powder).
SPARROW OF THE FIELD (aka red-headed or village).
It differs from the house sparrow in a brown crown, black spots on white cheeks and two light stripes on the wing. "It catches a lot of harmful insects, but in the fall flocks of sparrows can cause quite significant damage to gardens and vineyards." (C)
WAGTAIL. There are many of these birds, like sparrows. But to shoot is a pity for bullets and karma. They are completely harmless. In addition, according to statistics for season 1, a wagtail family destroys several kg. harmful caterpillars and beetles. Perhaps, in this regard, it can be attributed to the "low frequencies".
Hunting for it is permitted and permissible - but with the help of permitted methods of extraction and in a certain season of the year.
FOREST, SWEET, MEADOW, FIELD GAME.
(THE LIST WILL BE FILLED OF course)
VYAKHIR (or VITYUTIN) is a forest pigeon. Compare with the usual city "shit" (photo above).
(Lives mainly in damp meadows and fields).
CAPTAIN and his chicken.
TETEREV and his chicken.
VALDSHNEP (FOREST KULIK).
(It’s quite bad for him in search engines with pictures. Looks like they knocked everyone out)