Succulents are attracting more and more attention of florists. Not so long ago, the cactus, expelled from apartments and houses, returns to its beloved windowsill again. Some people liked to grow jerky and agave.
If you want to have a more exotic flower, you should plant graptopetalum. It will be a great example to be proud of in front of friends and relatives. Its extraordinary appearance will never tire of delighting the whole family with its decorativeness. Every new day brings discoveries related to the development of this plant.
- Botanical description
- Varieties and photos
- Temperature regime
- Humidity and watering
- Top dressing
- Daughter sockets
- Useful video
- Diseases and pests
- Photo gallery
All types of decorative graptopetalum belong to the genus of slow-growing succulents, the Tolstyankovye family. There are about 20 types. A succulent grows from compact forms - 5 centimeters, to rare sizes - 85 cm... It looks like a branchy bush with fleshy thick stems. On them there are rosettes of the upper leaves, similar to fluffy cones. Or as a dense rosette without stems with squat leaves.
Branched inflorescences with brushes grow from the lateral sinuses of the peduncles. Graptopetalum blooms with delicate flowers that resemble a star.
The fully open calyx consists of 5, 7 separate lanceolate petals with 13 long stamens. Succulent flowering lasts from spring to mid-summer, for a period of up to 2-3 weeks.
At home in Mexico, North America, the plant lives on mountain slopes, near forests with conifers. Europe got acquainted with this flower in the second half of the 20th century. It was brought by a scientist from Mexico - Alfred Lau... Since that time, many species and varieties of succulents have been grown at home.
Graptopetalum can be without water for a long time. The secret lies in the thick cushion leaves. Moisture gathers there for a "rainy day", so drought is not terrible for him.
Varieties and photos
Below are the names, photos and descriptions of graptopetalum varieties suitable for reproduction and care at home.
A perennial plant with a straight, thick stem in young succulents, spreading in adult specimens. Gray, pink with a gray tinge leaves form flat rosettes, with a diameter of 5 centimeters.
Each sheet has a pointed top, concave surface and wax coating. Their length ranges from 4 to 7 centimeters, the thickness of the plate is 2 centimeters, and the width is 1.5 cm. The short peduncles end with a tassel of white star-shaped flowers with dark dots. Homeland - Mexico and Paraguay. The photo below shows the Paraguayan Graptopetalum:
The second name of this species is Beautiful. A small succulent has short stems, fleshy leaves. An adult plant is a dense, grounded rosette. Bellum blooms with pink flowers, collected in a bunch. Petals with pointed ends, stamens are long with white anther heads. What the Graptopetalum Bellum variety looks like can be seen in the photo below:
It is advisable not to put the flower pot close to the glass. Otherwise, the plant will receive a severe sunburn.
Stringy, still such a name is given to a succulent of this species. Filiferum is distinguished by thin red threads at the top of a juicy leaf.... A specimen with a diameter of about 5-10 centimeters, a dense rosette with many juicy leaves. One plant has up to 150 green segments. The flowers are large enough, 5 centimeters in diameter. Bouquets of inflorescences contain 3-6 buds.
The graptopetalum variety called Rusbi also owes its name to the collector. Small bushes native to the foothills of Arizona and the Mexican regions of Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua. It grows in rocky crevices, in sunny meadows. The rosettes are flattened and can grow up to 9 centimeters in diameter. The leaves are diamond-shaped, up to 60 densely layered on one plant over a lifetime.
The underside of the plate has a groove, 4 cm long, 2 cm wide, 1 cm thick. At the tips, filamentary processes are green, subsequently red. The central root is thick - 8 millimeters. Stems are erect, lateral processes come out of the socket. The flowers are wide open, the petals are dark pink with numerous strokes. In the photo below, the Graptopetalum Rusbi variety:
The most popular succulent plant among florists. Graptopetalum Amethyst looks like a small shrub with a loose crown. If you look at it from above, you might think that the sea pebbles are scattered... These are his leaves, round and greyish-purple with a wax coating. They are more interesting than the flowers of this specimen. The plant blooms with inconspicuous small white stars with red tips. Petals, when fully expanded, are slightly curved outward.
To grow graptopetalum at home, no extraordinary measures are required. The plant is unpretentious, adapts to the proposed conditions quickly. It adjoins well with other colors, although alone it also looks impressive. If you pay due attention to the succulent, then it will live long enough. There are specimens of 10 years of age. Pleases with flowering from spring to late July.
In winter, strictly follow the temperature regime, lighting, and moisture. All this complex of measures contributes to the high-quality laying of flower buds during flowering.
Succulents love bright light and are not afraid of direct sunlight. In the room, they should be placed on the windowsills.facing south, southeast. Some types of graptopetalum will feel great on shaded west-facing windows. If it is not possible to create the required level of illumination for the plant, then you can use additional lighting. For this, include fluorescent lamps. The duration of exposure should not be less than 8 hours.
Representatives of warm countries have adapted to the temperate European climate. During the winter months they are warm - 12-15 degrees.
Being in dry ground, they are able to withstand small subzero temperatures. After such a cool shock therapy, they begin to bloom more actively.
Humidity and watering
It is not necessary to forcibly increase the air humidity in the room for graptopetalum. When the growing season comes, it is given moderate watering. It is advisable to let the soil dry out and not flood the plant, turning the soil into a swamp. Water for irrigation must be defended for 12 days. in a warm room. During the wintering, it is better for a succulent to be in conditions of water starvation.
It is important to monitor the condition of the leaves at this time. Strong wilting should not be allowed. It will be enough to moisturize the substrate once every 30 days.
Like any houseplant, graptopetalum at the time of growth needs feeding. It is better to fertilize with complex mixtures for cacti. Water once a month, dilute strictly according to the instructions. Many amateur flower growers use banana peels. It is dried, crushed into powder. Then sprinkle the soil in the pot before watering. With the onset of cold weather, feeding is stopped, the plant leaves for a dormant period. Fertilization procedures are resumed from the beginning of May.
This flower painfully tolerates all kinds of changes in its position. Its roots are not developed, therefore they suffer greatly.
It is advisable to transplant a succulent only in case of extreme need.... For example, when it no longer fits in the old container. There is no need to delay with this, as the plant will stop blooming.
All light, well-draining, low-nutrient soils are suitable for graptopetalum. A substrate of the same parts is often used:
- leaf humus,
- coarse sand.
You can simply mix in equal proportions turf soil and river sand. The plant does not have a very developed root system. It is better to fit wide bowls with low sides for succulents. It is imperative to lay a drainage layer of expanded clay or gravel on the bottom..
Some graptopetalum species grow long stems. They develop rapidly, and heavy rosettes fall out of the pot. It is worth tying the shoots to the supports.
Even a beginner can dilute graptopetalum at home. The plant takes root well, does not get sick with sweat. There are 3 breeding methods in total.
The leaf stalks must be slightly dried before planting. One or two days will be enough. Then dig them in a prepared container with earth.
In no case should plantings be watered abundantly., cover with foil or glass. The plant contains enough of its own moisture. From waterlogging there is a risk of rotting cuttings. In good conditions, the roots will appear already on the 7-8th day. A young plant will be formed in 2 months. Do not expose it to direct sunlight yet. It is advisable to teach gradually.
This method has its drawbacks. One of them is the duration of the procedure. To get the desired result, you must adhere to the following breeding rules:
- Purchase a pot, disinfect the container for seedlings. The shape should not be deep and spacious, in the form of a food container.
- Prepare an earthen mixture in the required composition. Make the substrate loose, light in consistency.
- Reduce the content of microflora in the soil. To do this, you need to add charcoal and loosen it well.
- Seed material should not be buried in the soil. It is enough to evenly distribute on the surface.
- Spray the seeds with a spray gun until the soil is moistened by 1-2 centimeters.
- Cover the container with cling film, a transparent lid, to create the effect of a greenhouse.
- Place the container in a warm, well-lit place. Seedlings can be grown using a daylight lamp.
Graptopetallums are capable of growing daughter offspring. They are quite suitable for flower propagation.
The plant is cut off and placed in a separate pot.... The seedling should not be watered for 2 days. Then pour with a very small portion of water.
Graptopetalum (Graptopetalum), or spotted petal - succulent of the Fat family, tips for home care:
Diseases and pests
Succulents in their structure are not very susceptible to diseases, because they are protected by a wax coating on the leaf plates.
If diseases do occur, it is rot. They arise from excessive moisture, especially in the cold season. It is necessary to prevent the ingress of water into the socket. It happens that a flower is attacked by a mealybug. It hides under dense layers of fleshy leaves. It is easy to identify him by a white coating. Parasites settle in numerous colonies. If the occupation area is large, you can lose the plant.
If the above problems occur, the succulent should be treated with a phyto drug or insecticide.
Features of variegated flower varieties
Variation in nature is unhealthy and in order to achieve a pronounced effect, breeders "infected" the experimental spathiphyllums with the variegation virus... That is why these plants have such motley colored foliage, they combine both normal cells and mutated ones (not producing chlorophyll). The most famous variegated variety of spathiphyllum is Domino.
Interesting! Even when variegated varieties do not bloom, they still look very impressive and unusual due to their foliage, which is crowded with many small dots and strokes of white or yellow color.
There are several types of variability.... It is divided into groups based on external signs and localization:
- purple (red),
- yellow / white media variance,
- yellow / white marginal (bordered) variegation,
- yellow / white splash (uneven) variability.
Popular varieties with a variegated color: description and photo
There are many varieties of variegated spathiphyllum. Below are descriptions and photos of only the most interesting of them.
A hybrid variety based on Wallis's spathiphyllum. Spathiphyllum Angel Baby - belongs to the category of dwarf varietiesso it only grows 25 cm in height or less.
The foliage of this variety is lanceolate, the variegation is splash (the spots are randomly located, have different sizes) and stable; in bright light, the colored areas only become brighter, but in the shade they begin to fade. The color of the leaves is green with dark green stripes and strokes. The central vein stands out from the general background due to the darker shade of green.
Interesting! Many people often confuse this variety with anthurium, although these plants have many differences. Anthuriums have a red color of veins on the leaves and a different leaf shape.
Spathiphyllum Mauna Loa is one of the most popular varieties in home gardening.... It is a hybrid derived from Spathiphyllum floribundum.
The length of the petioles of this plant reaches 11-15 cm. The leaves are long, can grow up to 20 cm in length and up to 6 cm in width. The color is bright green, the shape of the leaf plate is oblong, lanceolate, has a pointed long tip at the end.
The flower stalks are also massive, each reaching 20-25 cm in length. The flowers are collected in a bunch 4-5 cm long. The color is white, the very shape of the flower is graceful, concave.
Completely unpretentious variety, so even beginners in floriculture can grow it. It can bloom all year round, thrives in pots.
Important! If you cut flowers and put them in a vase, then remember that in this state they can stand up to 28 days.
Spathiphyllum Moon Shadow very similar in appearance to Mauna loa... Its foliage is the same elongated, has a variegated color and yellow variegation.
The bush itself is erect, with white inflorescences, which are often cast in a creamy shade. It can grow up to 80 cm in length.
A hybrid variety of Delhi spathiphyllum, often referred to as Deli or Delhi, is grown in Indonesia. The coloration of this subspecies is quite memorable and not repetitive in other varieties.:
- There is a yellow-green version of the plant, the leaves of which are narrow, elongated, and the bush itself is not too large.
- There is also a gray-green color with dull white blotches, the bush is larger, with powerful and wide long lanceolate leaves.
The cover of the peduncle of this plant is painted, the flowers have a light sweetish aroma. One of the easiest species to care for, which can bloom all year round with minimal maintenance.
Silver Rain is also a hybrid medium height. The bush can grow up to 35-38 cm in length. The foliage is variegated, bright, the leaf blade is narrow and long, as if torn at the edges. The surface of the leaf has a relief, so do not be afraid and take it for some kind of disease.
Outwardly, the flower is very elegant, suitable for beginner growers for any interior.
Spatiphyllum Lemon Glow got its unusual name for the remarkable lemon color of its foliage... The surface of the leaf blades is not only painted in such a bright color, but also has a glossy surface, which makes the plant even more unusual (especially in bright light).
The bush is compact, grows up to a maximum of 40 cm in height. In the shade, it loses its outstanding brightness and becomes chartreuse.In full shade, it will begin to turn green, but as soon as it returns to normal lighting, it will immediately change its color to a specific lemon.
Spathiphyllum City of Angel related species Angel Baby... Some even still argue about whether these are different species or just breeding options for the same variety.
Indeed, outwardly, the City of Angel looks like an Angel Baby (especially with juvenile rosettes), however, in the adult state, the rosettes of the first are much larger (up to 50 cm), the foliage begins to grow in width and change shape from lanceolate to oval-lanceolate. Although in some specimens, both types of leaves can be found in the same bush.
Spathiphyllum Picasso (Picasso) is the result of the selection of Wallis spathiphyllum. The name was given to this plant for its unusual appearance - on the bright green leaf plates there are large white streaks or whole white (cream) segments.
The foliage of the variety is quite wide. The bush requires more careful maintenance in comparison with other variegated varieties.
The most famous variegated variety... Spathiphyllum Domino has elliptical leaf plates with sharp tips, which are colored in a dark green tint and have long thin stripes of white, located randomly throughout the leaf area.
The bush is of medium size. An adult plant reaches a length of 45-50 cm. Bracts are oval, white or cream-colored.
Many growers who decide to acquire spathiphyllum pay attention to variegated varieties. This is due to the special brightness and variegation of the color of their leaves, which pleases the eye even when the plant does not have flowering. Most of these subspecies do not require special care and are suitable for beginners in floriculture.
Falyaris, or Dvukistoch reed variety 'Picta'
'Picta' (syn. 'Elegantissima') - green leaves with longitudinal light cream stripes. Height up to 80cm.
The homeland of the species is the entire temperate zone of Eurasia and North America. Long-rhizome perennial grass 90-120 cm tall. Leaves are linear, up to 2 cm wide, with white or cream stripes. Leaves and stems do not droop even during severe frosts, although they lose their color. Spikelets are collected in dense spike-shaped panicles up to 20 cm long. Prefers moist or damp soil, but drought tolerant. On fertile soils, variation is manifested brighter, the plant becomes more effective, it tolerates the summer period more easily. Grows well in full sun in cool climates or under partial shade in hot climates. Growing rapidly. It is widely cultivated in landscape parks as a ground cover plant. Propagated by dividing the bush. Winter-hardy without shelter. Recommended for planting near a reservoir, but can be grown in containers and in the soil of a reservoir at a depth of 15-20 cm from the water level.